How to use gitolite¶
If you have not yet set up your ssh access, first see How to set up your ssh access.
Crash course on using gitolite¶
You can find the upstream documentation for gitolite at their website:
But you probably want to read their user doc section:
The basics however are straightforward. You have been automatically
granted a wildcard space under
To create a repository under there either push to the path you want or perform a git clone. Either of these will create the repository for you.
Example using “git clone”:
git clone firstname.lastname@example.org:pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/[username]/foobar
When cloning a tree that already exists on kernel.org, you should use the gitolite built in cloning system:
ssh email@example.com fork pub/scm/from-repo pub/scm/to-repo
This will take care of the git clone, and uses Shared (-s), and Linked (-l) git options.
E.g. for Linux kernel you should start by forking Linus’s repository:
ssh firstname.lastname@example.org fork \ pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/torvalds/linux \ pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/[username]/linux
No leading “/” or trailing “.git”
- Do not start repository paths with ‘/’, just “pub/scm”
- Do not end repository paths with “.git”, just “kernel/git/[username]/linux”
Some commands may be forgiving and work anyway, but many will not.
Additional commands for gitolite.kernel.org¶
Note: This list may be incomplete. You can find out more up-to-date info about available commands if you run:
ssh email@example.com help
Delete a repository. You will need to run
D unlock first, and then
D rm. E.g.:
ssh firstname.lastname@example.org D unlock pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/[username]/linux ssh email@example.com D rm pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/[username]/linux
Sets the repository description. E.g.:
ssh firstname.lastname@example.org desc pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/[username]/linux "[username] kernel tree"
The desc command does not like special characters such as quotes, ampersands, brackets, etc. Another way to set your repository description is via a cgitrc file in the special __meta__ branch of the repo. See Repo appearance on git.kernel.org for more details.
Clone a repository that is already hosted by kernel.org, E.g.:
ssh email@example.com fork pub/scm/repo1 pub/scm/repo2
Displays a help message for what commands are enabled
Displays access permission you may have to various repos (warning: wall of text).
Sets up a random password you can use to authenticate against mail.kernel.org in order to send outgoing mail. The command output will also give you some configuration examples for mutt and git.
Allows you to modify your mail forwarding address. See Using your firstname.lastname@example.org alias for more details.
Allows you to set up your 2-factor authentication token. See 2-factor authentication with gitolite (deprecated) for more details.
Allows you to repoint HEAD to other branches instead of the default. E.g.:
ssh email@example.com symbolic-ref \ pub/scm/your/repo HEAD refs/heads/dev
The command is fully compatible with other
operations, but only changes to
HEAD will be propagated to the
Using gitolite instead of public mirrors¶
The public mirrors, while generally trusted, don’t offer the same level of protection as the gitolite master, so it is advisable to make sure that you use the gitolite.kernel.org master to apply pull requests. There is a simple way to instruct git to automatically use the master whenever a git.kernel.org pull URL is provided.
Just add the following to your
[url "ssh://firstname.lastname@example.org"] insteadOf = https://git.kernel.org insteadOf = http://git.kernel.org insteadOf = git://git.kernel.org
Git will now automatically rewrite all
git.kernel.org requests to be
going to the master instead.